arithmetical relation

arithmetical relation
арифметическое отношение

English-Russian dictionary of computer science and programming. 2013.

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  • Arithmetical hierarchy — In mathematical logic, the arithmetical hierarchy, arithmetic hierarchy or Kleene hierarchy classifies certain sets based on the complexity of formulas that define them. Any set that receives a classification is called arithmetical. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetical set — In mathematical logic, an arithmetical set (or arithmetic set) is a set of natural numbers that can be defined by a formula of first order Peano arithmetic. The arithmetical sets are classified by the arithmetical hierarchy.A function f:subseteq… …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetical complement of a logarithm — Logarithm Log a*rithm (l[o^]g [.a]*r[i^][th] m), n. [Gr. lo gos word, account, proportion + ariqmo s number: cf. F. logarithme.] (Math.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550 1617), to abridge… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Finitary relation — This article sets out the set theoretic notion of relation. For a more elementary point of view, see Binary relation. For a combinatorial viewpoint, see Theory of relations. For other uses, see Relation (disambiguation). In set theory and logic,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gödel's incompleteness theorems — In mathematical logic, Gödel s incompleteness theorems, proved by Kurt Gödel in 1931, are two theorems stating inherent limitations of all but the most trivial formal systems for arithmetic of mathematical interest. The theorems are of… …   Wikipedia

  • Proof sketch for Gödel's first incompleteness theorem — This article gives a sketch of a proof of Gödel s first incompleteness theorem. This theorem applies to any formal theory that satisfies certain technical hypotheses which are discussed as needed during the sketch. We will assume for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Exact sciences (The) in Hellenistic times: texts and issues — The exact sciences in Hellenistic times: Texts and issues1 Alan C.Bowen Modern scholars often rely on the history of Greco Latin science2 as a backdrop and support for interpreting past philosophical thought. Their warrant is the practice… …   History of philosophy

  • Reduction (recursion theory) — In computability theory, many reducibility relations (also called reductions, reducibilities, and notions of reducibility) are studied. They are motivated by the question: given sets A and B of natural numbers, is it possible to effectively… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernoulli number — In mathematics, the Bernoulli numbers Bn are a sequence of rational numbers with deep connections to number theory. They are closely related to the values of the Riemann zeta function at negative integers. There are several conventions for… …   Wikipedia

  • Second-order arithmetic — In mathematical logic, second order arithmetic is a collection of axiomatic systems that formalize the natural numbers and sets thereof. It is an alternative to axiomatic set theory as a foundation for much, but not all, of mathematics. The… …   Wikipedia

  • MONOTHEISM — MONOTHEISM, in its literal meaning, oneness of the godhead (i.e., one God). The concept of monotheism is embedded in the domain of religious discourse, and its full and relevant significance must be derived from the connotation which it carries… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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